مدرسة محمد توفيق دياب الأعدادية

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 Modern educational supervision

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مُساهمةموضوع: Modern educational supervision   الثلاثاء فبراير 15, 2011 3:18 am



Modern educational supervision and its role in addressing the educational issues
Supervision is the process of democratic human science is designed to provide multi-technical services include the teacher and the learner and the learning environment; in order to improve educational conditions, and increase the effectiveness of education and the achievement of its objectives in terms of the development of students in various fields. Given the important role played by supervisors educators have established the Ministries of Education in various countries directorates and departments competent to oversee education, and who are selected from teachers talented, and experienced and highly qualified as teachers of teachers, and entrusted with the responsibility of follow-up to teachers and to identify their needs, and work on their development various means available. Also gave supervisors the full terms of the care, rehabilitation and training on the various supervisory and specialized areas. And this article only for the scientific building block of work on the development of teachers; belief in the importance of educational supervision, because the situations that face the teacher and the material with which it deals are constantly changing in the light of the development of science and life every day.

The modern definition of educational supervision:
Evolution of the concept of educational supervision of the inspection system which is based on monitoring the work of teachers and catch their mistakes, to the mentoring process which is based on cooperation between supervisors and teachers to raise educational suffice. And then to the oversight process, which aims to help teachers in the face of problems of educational and scientific manner addressed systematically.
Can be determined by the modern concept of educational supervision that: "an effort organized, and affirmative action, aimed at improving the learning processes and education and training; to coordinate and guide the self-growth for teachers to increase their understanding of educational and faith in the objectives of education, thus performing their role more effectively" (Abdel-Hadi, 2002)
He also knows that: "the process of leading a democratic cooperative organization, concerned with the position of all elements of the educational curricula and the means, methods and environment, teacher and student, to work to improve the organization and achieving the goals of learning and teaching" (Carl, 1990)
The above definition represents a quantum leap very far from the concept of inspection and practice of those who support it, as it abolished once and arrogance on teachers and Tjeriham and catch their mistakes. And beyond the technical guidance that may be just a follow-up work of teachers in schools and try to correct the practices in the light of experience and advice Allowavd from outside the school , related to technical guidance distinction made in the educational material specific
Educational supervision is no longer a modern sense only one task which is to help the teacher to develop methods and means in the classroom; but now has many tasks based on the development of the educational situation in all its aspects and elements of
The functions of educational supervision:
A / administrative functions, including:
1 - take responsibility for leadership in educational work.
2 - Cooperation with the school administration.
3 - protect the interests of students.
4 - Prepare a comprehensive report at the end of each academic year.
B / Jobs refresher, including:
1 - urged teachers to scientific production and education.
2 - Participation in solving educational problems existing in the school and the Department of Education.
3 - help teachers to self-growth and understanding of the nature of their work.
4 - Follow-up to any new matters of educational and educational.
C / Jobs and training can be achieved by:
1 - school workshops.
2 - seminars.
3 - handouts.
D / and research functions, including:
1 - a sense of problems and issues that hinder the process of the educational process.
2 - The Quest to identify problems and think of a solution according to a program prepared for this purpose.
E / calendar functions, including:
1 - measuring the extent of the work of teachers agree with the objectives of the educational institution and curricula and guidance.
2 - Identify the centers of power in teacher performance and promotion.
3 - the discovery of weaknesses in the performance of the teacher and work on treatment and recovery.
And / analytical functions, including:
1 - Analysis of the curriculum.
2 - Analysis of test questions during the technical specifications specified.
G / innovative functions, including:
1 - new ideas and methods used to develop the educational process.
2 - put these ideas and methods to the test and experimentation.
3 - present ideas and methods after testing, they were proven.
Skills of the modern educational supervision:
There are several administrative and supervisory skills to contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the institution, including:
First - the creation of new teachers for their work:
Are preparing teachers for teaching assignments in universities and teacher training colleges, and are trained on the demands of work in the field during the study. But in terms of the problems facing the fact that when engaged in actual work in schools that are recruited to work there. It is located on the Educational Supervision in collaboration with the school administration is responsible for preparing new teachers for their work.
II - Course for teachers during the service:
Related to the educational supervisor in the field every day this school or that, and keep on aspects of the work and the problems faced by teachers, and deficiencies in the educational services provided to students. In light of this, administrators can educators, a collaborative effort to suggest some courses that address the weaknesses which they observe, and these courses include:
1 cycle for the use of computers in education, in the design of electronic modules (Intel).
2 is for the education of primary school teachers use of groups in education.
3 Workshop in Educational Measurement and Evaluation of improved teacher performance in the tests, and the measurement of educational outcomes.
4 and a workshop to train teachers on the use of raw materials available in the environment in making teaching aids.
5-training course for teachers to raise student interest activities.
6 course for teachers on the school library supervisors to familiarize them with the appropriate methods to activate the role and attract the pioneer.
7 training course for teachers on a new way of teaching.
III - contract management meetings with teachers:
The meetings came at the beginning of the new academic year, where he will meet the educational supervisor my tutor one of the articles and discuss with them the curriculum for this article, the authors of the decision, and the adequacy of teacher's guide. It would be the fruits of this meeting to raise the attention of teachers to some important aspects of the curriculum, and time of the semester to deal with this attractive. It may also meeting comes on the occasion of the approaching date of final examinations. It may also meeting comes after the end of exams, the meeting may take the form of a workshop to analyze the questions that teachers use it.
IV - to work on curriculum development:
The process of developing the displaced are not important the General Administration of the Ministry of Education curriculum and education, but this administration is regulating the process of development, and curriculum development is not an individual act carried out by the competent education. But come the fruit of development contributes to a joint effort to achieve educational supervisor as a leader in collaboration with teachers, who carried out the directives of the curriculum in the field.
V. - presentation of models for simulation in classroom management:
The success of the work of teachers in the classroom is heavily influenced by its success in classroom management, not enough to be a teacher in-depth in the subject of specialization, and that the curriculum recently developed, and not enough to adopt distinct ways of teaching and the use of a useful, if not find the teacher a way to manage grade effective manner. Can educational supervisor, and during his field visit to recognize the teachers who are role models in this matter, and each share held after the workshop to discuss the strategies adopted by the teacher and provide an explanation of each strategy would help to generate convictions introduction of such strategies in the work
VI - Participation in the selection of teachers and distribution in the schools:
The supervisor as a liaison between management at the center and the field can contribute effectively to provide a picture of the needs of school teachers in one or more of the disciplines, and assists in recommending the selection of teachers who Enasbon the needs of this school or those in a particular specialty.
VII - Training teachers to manage the time:
The process of regulation time in the classroom are of great importance in effective classroom management, and include the functions of the teacher in the light of his training in time management:
1 - determine the appropriate time for each unit of study in line with the content and the importance of unity.
2 - determine the time for each activity, so as not to neglect the specific activities.
3 - Determine the time needed to give guidance and take attendance and absenteeism, etc. (VIII - Effective Communication:
The investment for the supervisor position as a liaison between management and field work in the importance of language in the provision of feedback to employees in the various activities in the field of education, at the level of planning and organization, leadership, development and evaluation, relations with the local environment.
IX - Writing technical reports:
The process of writing technical reports of the most important administrative processes at all levels, contributing in the communication process and codified, as they contribute to saving time and providing nutrition retro needed to evaluate teacher performance.
X. - Management of Work Stress:
Of the things that go unnoticed or unattended to teachers about their situations, emotional stress suffered by them during the school year, both in the classroom or outside. For this stress markers, including:
1. Balinverp sense of teaching and the boredom of class and students.
2. Low motivation to participate in school activities.
3. Lack of attention to preparing for the lesson, and performance with minimal effort and time.
4. Delay in going to separate and not to follow the duties of the students.
5. A lot of students vilified and accused of laziness and lack of understanding (This may be true!).
6. Many complain about the conditions of the school and the state of education in general. Psychological pressure situation where the teacher feels that the effort is wasted in vain and has no fruit and that it was doing everything he has and no one appreciates or benefit. This situation if not rush to treat it might have an adverse impact on students and the atmosphere of the school year. May even exceed the impact to the future of teacher education itself, so take hold this view to affect the look of the students and teacher education in general. And can not remove the pressures of work in any educational institution entirely, but it can alleviate the pressure of work or managed through several methods, among them, for example, the following:
The first method: Preparing for the pressure: to give teachers a realistic view on the work they will do, and tell them at a rate which Sibzlouna effort to complete the work they need performed, and by organizing a series of preparatory programs that illustrate the difficulties they may face.
The second method: the division of labor: If the teacher loaded with many workloads, the division of labor between him and the others may help relieve the workload.
The third method: social support: this Pthamis team to support the teacher, signed by the pressure in his work. If the pressure must be collectively instigation of all teachers, and focus Alyaydah the following statement: "The pressure will not disappear, however, if the Panel's work Kalid one."
Method IV: The right choice for teachers on appointment: that of reconciling the properties of the individual on the one hand, and the requirements of teaching and working environment on the other hand.
Method V: Raising the skills and abilities: With the help of teachers to learn to exercise their functions more effectively and less pressure, and through training courses and motivate teachers for excellence in their provision of rewards or prizes to them.
Atheist tenth - the basics of planning and implementing daily lessons:
These include job training of teachers on the following issues:
• the formulation of behavioral objectives:
The purpose of the formulation of behavioral objectives are:
1 - The teacher recognizes the elements of the target behavior.
2 - The teacher recognizes the importance of setting goals to improve education.
3 - to apply the method the teacher set goals before you start teaching a unit and includes the target behavior:
1 - performance is expected to do after the learning process.
2 - terms and conditions that exhibit this behavior from.
3 - Achieving the level of acceptable performance
• The use of teaching aids:
The most important roles played by the educational supervisor is to train teachers to use educational methods, studies have shown that research and educational methods play an essential role in the enrichment of education through the addition of the dimensions and special effects and distinct programs. This means the role of the educational re-emphasis on research findings about the importance of teaching aids in expanding the learner's experiences and facilitate the building concepts, and overcome geographical boundaries and natural resources. There is no doubt that this role has now doubled because of the rapid technical developments that have made the environment around the school is a challenge to the methods of teaching and learning of school, because of the wealth of this environment and offers a variety of means of communication messages in ways exciting and bright and attractive. The involvement of all senses in learning processes lead to consolidate and deepen the learning and teaching aids to help the participation of all senses of the learner, thereby helping to create a strong and established relationships between what students learn, and the consequent survival of the impact of learning.
• Training on different teaching methods:
Method of teaching is how it deals with the teacher teaching method during its process of teaching, while in the process of teaching, or is the way the teacher in the implementation of the teaching method are distinguished from other teachers who use denying way, and then linked to the essential characteristics personal to the teacher.
Among the most famous teaching methods: the way the dumping, and how to ask questions, and discussion method, the method of dialogue, and way of teaching through projects, and teaching style Owaltalm through cooperative groups, the method of exploration, and learning by solving problems.
• To achieve effective classroom management:
Identify classroom management as: "All what the teacher in the classroom behaviors, whether verbal or process, directly or indirectly, so as to achieve educational goals set to happen in the end change desirable in the behaviors of students (Betty, 2001) .
And play educational supervisor important role teacher training on classroom management, through training on the overall operations, direction and interaction exchanged by the teacher with students and patterns of behavior related to them, so as to make the process of teaching and learning in the classroom is possible, meaningful and interesting, to get the best results with minimal effort and time as possible .
• Calendar of the progress and final reports:
Calendar is an essential element of any structured educational and meaningful. The educational evaluation is a planned process for the collection of structured information standards in the light of specific scientific objective view to issuing a ruling on the value of educational work.
The educational supervisor teacher training on evaluation methods in different levels, including:
1 - tribal Calendar: This is the lesson before beginning the implementation of the evaluation of the Action Plan itself, and the methods and tools for it.
2 - Calendar progress: it is an ongoing process, you are at the end of each module, and is used in the treatment of early results and provide continuous feedback to achieve better learning.
3 - Calendar Final overall: This is the end of the chapter or the school year, and could be used the results to identify the level of students and their progress, and measure the goals derived from the education process, also learn from the results in the evaluation of the effectiveness of teaching (Abdel-Hadi, 2002) .
• teacher training in the preparation of the disengagement plan, daily:
The purpose of the preparation of the plan is to organize the process of classroom education in accordance with the set objectives. The plan includes daily: development of general objectives and behavioral unit, as well as population means, activities and teaching methods used by the teacher / teacher, as well as determine the approximate time to achieve each of the goals set, as well as methods of evaluating students to verify the achievement of goals.
Planning for teaching is one of the teaching competencies of teachers, so there are good grounds for the planning of teaching can enumerate the most important:
1 - that the teacher should develop an integrated plan of teaching in the light of the specific educational objectives.
2 - It should be linked to educational experiences covered by the plan specific educational objectives.
3 - It should be linked to procedures and methods and means of education covered by the plan specific educational objectives.
4 - It should take into account individual differences among students in the development of teaching plan.
5 - It should develop a plan of teaching in the light of the potential physical and temporal.
6 - It should be flexible teaching plan are subject to change and modification during its implementation, and be achievable is far from ideal and improvised

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